ldapjs Client API

This document covers the ldapjs client API and assumes that you are familiar with LDAP. If you're not, read the guide first.

Create a client

The code to create a new client looks like:

var ldap = require('ldapjs');
var client = ldap.createClient({
  url: 'ldap://127.0.0.1:1389'
});

You can use ldap:// or ldaps://; the latter would connect over SSL (note that this will not use the LDAP TLS extended operation, but literally an SSL connection to port 636, as in LDAP v2). The full set of options to create a client is:

Attribute Description
url A valid LDAP URL (proto/host/port only)
socketPath Socket path if using AF_UNIX sockets
log Bunyan logger instance (Default: built-in instance)
timeout Milliseconds client should let operations live for before timing out (Default: Infinity)
connectTimeout Milliseconds client should wait before timing out on TCP connections (Default: OS default)
tlsOptions Additional options passed to TLS connection layer when connecting via ldaps:// (See: The TLS docs for node.js)
idleTimeout Milliseconds after last activity before client emits idle event
strictDN Force strict DN parsing for client methods (Default is true)

Connection management

As LDAP is a stateful protocol (as opposed to HTTP), having connections torn down from underneath you is can be difficult to deal with. Several mechanisms have been provided to mitigate this trouble.

Common patterns

The last two parameters in every API are controls and callback. controls can be either a single instance of a Control or an array of Control objects. You can, and probably will, omit this option.

Almost every operation has the callback form of function(err, res) where err will be an instance of an LDAPError (you can use instanceof to switch). You probably won't need to check the res parameter, but it's there if you do.

bind

bind(dn, password, controls, callback)

Performs a bind operation against the LDAP server.

The bind API only allows LDAP 'simple' binds (equivalent to HTTP Basic Authentication) for now. Note that all client APIs can optionally take an array of Control objects. You probably don't need them though...

Example:

client.bind('cn=root', 'secret', function(err) {
  assert.ifError(err);
});

add

add(dn, entry, controls, callback)

Performs an add operation against the LDAP server.

Allows you to add an entry (which is just a plain JS object), and as always, controls are optional.

Example:

var entry = {
  cn: 'foo',
  sn: 'bar',
  email: ['foo@bar.com', 'foo1@bar.com'],
  objectclass: 'fooPerson'
};
client.add('cn=foo, o=example', entry, function(err) {
  assert.ifError(err);
});

compare

compare(dn, attribute, value, controls, callback)

Performs an LDAP compare operation with the given attribute and value against the entry referenced by dn.

Example:

client.compare('cn=foo, o=example', 'sn', 'bar', function(err, matched) {
  assert.ifError(err);

  console.log('matched: ' + matched);
});

del

del(dn, controls, callbak)

Deletes an entry from the LDAP server.

Example:

client.del('cn=foo, o=example', function(err) {
  assert.ifError(err);
});

exop

exop(name, value, controls, callback)

Performs an LDAP extended operation against an LDAP server. name is typically going to be an OID (well, the RFC says it must be; however, ldapjs has no such restriction). value is completely arbitrary, and is whatever the exop says it should be.

Example (performs an LDAP 'whois' extended op):

client.exop('1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.1.11.3', function(err, value, res) {
  assert.ifError(err);

  console.log('whois: ' + value);
});

modify

modify(name, changes, controls, callback)

Performs an LDAP modify operation against the LDAP server. This API requires you to pass in a Change object, which is described below. Note that you can pass in a single Change or an array of Change objects.

Example:

var change = new ldap.Change({
  operation: 'add',
  modification: {
    pets: ['cat', 'dog']
  }
});

client.modify('cn=foo, o=example', change, function(err) {
  assert.ifError(err);
});

Change

A Change object maps to the LDAP protocol of a modify change, and requires you to set the operation and modification. The operation is a string, and must be one of:

||replace||Replaces the attribute referenced in modification. If the modification has no values, it is equivalent to a delete.|| ||add||Adds the attribute value(s) referenced in modification. The attribute may or may not already exist.|| ||delete||Deletes the attribute (and all values) referenced in modification.||

modification is just a plain old JS object with the values you want.

modifyDN

modifyDN(dn, newDN, controls, callback)

Performs an LDAP modifyDN (rename) operation against an entry in the LDAP server. A couple points with this client API:

Example:

client.modifyDN('cn=foo, o=example', 'cn=bar', function(err) {
  assert.ifError(err);
});

search

search(base, options, controls, callback)

Performs a search operation against the LDAP server.

The search operation is more complex than the other operations, so this one takes an options object for all the parameters. However, ldapjs makes some defaults for you so that if you pass nothing in, it's pretty much equivalent to an HTTP GET operation (i.e., base search against the DN, filter set to always match).

Like every other operation, base is a DN string.

Options can be a string representing a valid LDAP filter or an object containing the following fields:

Attribute Description
scope One of base, one, or sub. Defaults to base.
filter A string version of an LDAP filter (see below), or a programatically constructed Filter object. Defaults to (objectclass=*).
attributes attributes to select and return (if these are set, the server will return only these attributes). Defaults to the empty set, which means all attributes. You can provide a string if you want a single attribute or an array of string for one or many.
attrsOnly boolean on whether you want the server to only return the names of the attributes, and not their values. Borderline useless. Defaults to false.
sizeLimit the maximum number of entries to return. Defaults to 0 (unlimited).
timeLimit the maximum amount of time the server should take in responding, in seconds. Defaults to 10. Lots of servers will ignore this.
paged enable and/or configure automatic result paging

Responses from the search method are an EventEmitter where you will get a notification for each searchEntry that comes back from the server. You will additionally be able to listen for a searchReference, error and end event. Note that the error event will only be for client/TCP errors, not LDAP error codes like the other APIs. You'll want to check the LDAP status code (likely for 0) on the end event to assert success. LDAP search results can give you a lot of status codes, such as time or size exceeded, busy, inappropriate matching, etc., which is why this method doesn't try to wrap up the code matching.

Example:

var opts = {
  filter: '(&(l=Seattle)(email=*@foo.com))',
  scope: 'sub',
  attributes: ['dn', 'sn', 'cn']
};

client.search('o=example', opts, function(err, res) {
  assert.ifError(err);

  res.on('searchEntry', function(entry) {
    console.log('entry: ' + JSON.stringify(entry.object));
  });
  res.on('searchReference', function(referral) {
    console.log('referral: ' + referral.uris.join());
  });
  res.on('error', function(err) {
    console.error('error: ' + err.message);
  });
  res.on('end', function(result) {
    console.log('status: ' + result.status);
  });
});

Filter Strings

The easiest way to write search filters is to write them compliant with RFC2254, which is "The string representation of LDAP search filters." Note that ldapjs doesn't support extensible matching, since it's one of those features that almost nobody actually uses in practice.

Assuming you don't really want to read the RFC, search filters in LDAP are basically are a "tree" of attribute/value assertions, with the tree specified in prefix notation. For example, let's start simple, and build up a complicated filter. The most basic filter is equality, so let's assume you want to search for an attribute email with a value of foo@bar.com. The syntax would be:

(email=foo@bar.com)

ldapjs requires all filters to be surrounded by '()' blocks. Ok, that was easy. Let's now assume that you want to find all records where the email is actually just anything in the "@bar.com" domain and the location attribute is set to Seattle:

(&(email=*@bar.com)(l=Seattle))

Now our filter is actually three LDAP filters. We have an and filter (single amp &), an equality filter (the l=Seattle), and a substring filter. Substrings are wildcard filters. They use * as the wildcard. You can put more than one wildcard for a given string. For example you could do (email=*@*bar.com) to match any email of @bar.com or its subdomains like "example@foo.bar.com".

Now, let's say we also want to set our filter to include a specification that either the employeeType not be a manager nor a secretary:

(&(email=*@bar.com)(l=Seattle)(!(|(employeeType=manager)(employeeType=secretary))))

The not character is represented as a !, the or as a single pipe |. It gets a little bit complicated, but it's actually quite powerful, and lets you find almost anything you're looking for.

Paging

Many LDAP server enforce size limits upon the returned result set (commonly 1000). In order to retrieve results beyond this limit, a PagedResultControl is passed between the client and server to iterate through the entire dataset. While callers could choose to do this manually via the controls parameter to search(), ldapjs has internal mechanisms to easily automate the process. The most simple way to use the paging automation is to set the paged option to true when performing a search:

var opts = {
  filter: '(objectclass=commonobject)',
  scope: 'sub',
  paged: true,
  sizeLimit: 200
};
client.search('o=largedir', opts, function(err, res) {
  assert.ifError(err);
  res.on('searchEntry', function(entry) {
    // do per-entry processing
  });
  res.on('page', function(result) {
    console.log('page end');
  });
  res.on('error', function(resErr) {
    assert.ifError(resErr);
  });
  res.on('end', function(result) {
    console.log('done ');
  });
});

This will enable paging with a default page size of 199 (sizeLimit - 1) and will output all of the resulting objects via the searchEntry event. At the end of each result during the operation, a page event will be emitted as well (which includes the intermediate searchResult object).

For those wanting more precise control over the process, an object with several parameters can be provided for the paged option. The pageSize parameter sets the size of result pages requested from the server. If no value is specified, it will fall back to the default (100 or sizeLimit - 1, to obey the RFC). The pagePause parameter allows back-pressure to be exerted on the paged search operation by pausing at the end of each page. When enabled, a callback function is passed as an additional parameter to page events. The client will wait to request the next page until that callback is executed.

Here is an example where both of those parameters are used:

var queue = new MyWorkQueue(someSlowWorkFunction);
var opts = {
  filter: '(objectclass=commonobject)',
  scope: 'sub',
  paged: {
    pageSize: 250,
    pagePause: true
  },
};
client.search('o=largerdir', opts, function(err, res) {
  assert.ifError(err);
  res.on('searchEntry', function(entry) {
    // Submit incoming objects to queue
    queue.push(entry);
  });
  res.on('page', function(result, cb) {
    // Allow the queue to flush before fetching next page
    queue.cbWhenFlushed(cb);
  });
  res.on('error', function(resErr) {
    assert.ifError(resErr);
  });
  res.on('end', function(result) {
    console.log('done');
  });
});

starttls

starttls(options, controls, callback)

Attempt to secure existing LDAP connection via STARTTLS.

Example:

var opts = {
  ca: [fs.readFileSync('mycacert.pem')]
};

client.starttls(opts, function(err, res) {
  assert.ifError(err);

  // Client communication now TLS protected
});

unbind

unbind(callback)

Performs an unbind operation against the LDAP server.

Example:

client.unbind(function(err) {
  assert.ifError(err);
});